is an amphibian that belongs among the most abundant toads in the CZ area. The female can measure up to 120 mm, the body of both sexes is covered in warty skin of various colour shades. Common toad has skeleton like all vertebrate, however, it has no ribs. It feeds on molluscs, earthworms, spiders etc. It is to be found in lowlands as well as mountains across the whole CZ area. This toad has an average lifespan of 4 to 9 years. Maximum age recorded in captivity is 36 years.