The largest orchid in our country, which can attain heights of up to 90 cm, it has large, dense inflorescences composed of large individual flowers. The tepals are a brownish ruby red with dark violet to black dots and lines. The lip is whitish or bright red. It grows in open, primarily deciduous forests, underbrush, forest glades and aisles. It thrives on alkaline, humus-rich, rather dry soils.